Otis Arnold II
Lipid Levels for TIA Patients Are Not as Tightly Controlled as Stroke Patients

SchoolMaple Heights Senior High School


MentorSheila Matosky, RN

DepartmentStroke Center at Marymount Hospital

Lipid Levels for TIA Patients Are Not as Tightly Controlled as Stroke Patients
Lipid levels for Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) patients aren't as tightly controlled as lipid levels for Cerebral Vascular Attack (CVA) patients. Patients diagnosed with TIA are more susceptible to having a CVA in the future. A TIA, also known as a "mini stroke," can be a precursor to a CVA. With extensive monitoring of TIA including lipid levels, management can possibly decrease the chance of a future CVA.
TIA lipid levels and CVA lipid levels and the control of these levels are focus of this research which attempted to discover if there is a need for closer monitoring of lipid levels for patients with TIA signs and symptoms, finding a way to prevent a future CVA for those who present with TIA signs and symptoms, improving patient outcomes and lowering the costs of re-hospitalization for patients who have already suffered a TIA, thus increasing the quality of life for patients diagnosed with TIA. Data were gathered and collected from the first quarter of 2010, including the patients' cholesterol lowering medication usage and their Low Density Lipid Levels (LDL). By decreasing the Low Density Lipid (LDL), a major contributor to plaque buildup in the arteries, blood can flow more easily through the vessels to the brain.
The analysis indicates TIA lipid levels are not as tightly monitored and controlled as lipid levels in CVA patients admitted to Marymount Hospital. Medication usage with those presented with a TIA was not as high as those patients presented with CVA. This research supports a closer look at TIA patients. Stroke protocol should be followed for patients presenting with a suspected TIA so their LDL can be closely monitored.