Khin-Kyemon Aung
Music Therapy in Preterm Neonates

SchoolWilloughby South High School


ProgramRespiratory Therapy


MentorDaniel W. Sutton, Susan Brant


DepartmentRespiratory Therapy at Hillcrest Hospital


Research
Music Therapy in Preterm Neonates
Hypothesis
Low-beat-rate music, regardless of genre, will result in better outcomes for neonates than high-beat-rate music and the maximal positive effects of therapy will be achieved during the post-music phase.
Methodology
This prospective, randomized study was conducted on 6 preterm infants meeting entry criteria (gestational age 28-34 weeks, passed hearing, ≥3 days old, on feeding regimen) at the Cleveland Clinic Health System. Patients were monitored for 3 consecutive days; music was played for 30 min, 1 hour post feeding 3 times a day. Interventional order was randomly assigned: music genres (classical, jazz, lullaby), music tempos (60, 80, 100 beats per minute) and control day (no music). Heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, blood pressure and adverse events were recorded.
Outcomes
Regardless of intervention in this small sample group, music seems to induce relaxation and decrease number of apneas, bradycardias and desaturations with optimal benefits achieved post-music. No strong evidence suggests tempo to be the determining factor in influencing physiological responses in neonates.